Our growth, our metabolism and our nervous system are dependant on the functioning of our thyroid
gland. In order to produce the (thyroid) hormones that are required for the thyroid gland, Iodine is an essential mineral.
THE HEALTH EFFECT
Iodine is one of the trace elements that our body needs. It is found in Plankton, seaweed, sea fish and shellfish. Only a few foods contain Iodine. Hence, it is added to bread and salt (iodized salt).
A DEFICIENCY IN IODINE?
When people do not get sufficient iodine, the performance of the thyroid gland slows down and swells. Children may grow slower when having insufficient Iodine. Also, a lower learning ability and (in the case of very serious deficits) cretinism (dwarfism) may be the result of a too limited intake of this trace element.
Other symptoms of a deficiency in iodine are hair loss, flaky and dry skin, feeling cold and even feeling weak and fatigued. The most common symptom is a goitre in the neck area, caused by an overworked thyroid gland.
For women, an iodine deficiency may also cause menstrual issues like a heavier and more irregular period and pregnant woman are at risk of stillbirth and a less developed fetus / baby.
People with thyroid problems should be cautious when it comes to iodine supplementation and always consult their doctor.